Map of Timişoara: Timisoara

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Timișoara has been recorded since 1173, but it has no medieval monuments. The town has been planned twice. In 1716, when the Austrians entered the country and liberated the town from under the Turkish tenure of 164 years old, they demolished the whole town, they brought engineers who projected and built a new town, the present old town. At the beginning of the 20th century the engineers restarted the work and made the plan of the modern Timișoara, which was respected in the first decades of Socialism as well.
The fortress survived 9 assaults, it has never been conquered in battles because it has been built on the marshland, and the two flows, Bega and Timiș, which at the present has its course at a distance of 10km, formed a real system of defense. The name of the town in Hungarian reflects this state, Temesvar, that is the fortress situated on Temes; that is Timiș. The only persons who could approach the fortress were those who knew all the passes. The marshland also provoked a lot of trouble to the town`s concillors. The majority of the constructions from the 18-19th centuries were built on wooden pillars, which were quite resistant until the phreatic bed was up but the problems appeared with the development of the town. The phreatic level dropped and the pillars started to putrefy. The draining of the marsh was initiated by the Austrians in the 18th century, the same time when the Bega channel, navigable a long time, was dug. The Timiș and the Bega were connected through canals and weirs, thus the water surplus could be bailed out, and in draught period it could be pumped in or from the Timiș. Thus, Bega was, for a long time, until the Tito era, navigable, when the dams were closed and lattices mounted on the rivers.
In the 18th century industrialization emerged in the most beautiful and cleanest town of Europe as well. The first factory, that is the beer factory was followed by that of the silk and cigarette, but let`s take a look at the things the town is proud of, in chronological order:
1718 - the certification of the oldest beer factory from Romania
1718 - the inauguration of the first elementary school from the fortress, the first in Romania
1728 - the beginning of the Bega's sewerage, the first navigable channel from Romania
1745 - the first communal hospital from Romania (24 years before Vienna and 34 before Budapest)
- the first town of the monarchy with the streets lighted up by lamps
1819 - for the first time in Central Europe the anti-smallpox vaccination is administered
1823 - In Timișoara, Bolyai Janos announces the discovery of the first uneuclidian geometry in the World
1847 - in the beer factory's yard takes place the first concert of Johann Strauss Jr. outside Vienna
1855 - the first town of the Habsburg monarchy with the streets lighted up with gas
1884 - the first town on the European continent with the streets lighted up electrically, with 731 Lamps
1886 - the first ambulance station from Hungary and Romania
1895 - the first blacktopped street in Romania
1899 - the first electric tram in Romania
…and as an evidence of the multiethnic character of the town
1953 - the only European town having three state theaters, in Romanian, Hungarian and German
The dates of the town's town hall
Sights
Acknowledgements to Szekernyés János for the informations contributed.

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Eszteró Mónika Enikő

Timișoara·, Photo: Eszteró Mónika Enikő

Timișoara·, Photo: Anca Ghibu

Timișoara·, Photo: Anca Ghibu

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Marian Ghibu

Timișoara·, Photo: Marian Ghibu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Niculina Olaru

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Mircea Vâlcu

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Nicorici

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Eszteró Mónika Enikő

Timișoara·, Photo: Eszteró Mónika Enikő

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Carmen Vălean

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Bobu

Timișoara·, Photo: Ovidiu Bobu

Source: welcometoromania.ro

GPS: 45.75370N, 21.22819E

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Map type

Map of Timişoara: Timisoara
Timişoara: Slaughterhouse

Timişoara: Slaughterhouse

Timişoara: Reformed Church

Timişoara: Reformed Church

Timişoara: Monument to Virgin Mary

Timişoara: Monument to Virgin Mary

Timişoara: Metal Bridge

Timişoara: Metal Bridge

Timişoara: Water Palace

Timişoara: Water Palace

Timişoara: Roses park

Timişoara: Roses park

Timişoara: Metropolitan Cathedral

Timişoara: Metropolitan Cathedral

Timişoara: City hall

Timişoara: City hall

Timişoara: Széchenyi palace

Timişoara: Széchenyi palace

Timişoara: Hilt-Vogel palace

Timişoara: Hilt-Vogel palace

Timişoara: Înălţarea Sfintei Cruci Piarist Church

Timişoara: Înălţarea Sfintei Cruci Piarist Church

Timişoara: The Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Timişoara: The Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Timişoara: Dauerbach palace

Timişoara: Dauerbach palace

Timişoara: Fountain with Fish

Timişoara: Fountain with Fish

Timişoara: Loga High School

Timişoara: Loga High School

Timişoara: School Piarist

Timişoara: School Piarist

Timişoara: Museum of Banat

Timişoara: Museum of Banat

Timişoara: Marbl palace

Timişoara: Marbl palace

Timişoara: The Huniazilor Castle

Timişoara: The Huniazilor Castle

Timişoara: Neuhausz palace

Timişoara: Neuhausz palace

Timişoara: Löffler palace

Timişoara: Löffler palace

Timişoara: Lloyd palace

Timişoara: Lloyd palace

Timişoara: Timisoara

Timişoara: Timisoara

Timişoara: Weiss palace

Timişoara: Weiss palace

Timişoara: Carmen Sylva High School

Timişoara: Carmen Sylva High School

Timişoara: Saint Ecaterina Church

Timişoara: Saint Ecaterina Church

Timişoara: Palace of Culture, Theater and Opera

Timişoara: Palace of Culture, Theater and Opera

Timişoara: Church of the Order of Mercy, Greek Catholic Church

Timişoara: Church of the Order of Mercy, Greek Catholic Church

Timişoara: House with Atlanti

Timişoara: House with Atlanti

Timişoara: The Military Casino

Timişoara: The Military Casino

Timişoara: Statue of St. Mary

Timişoara: Statue of St. Mary

Timişoara: Decebal Bridge

Timişoara: Decebal Bridge

Timişoara: Dejan palace

Timişoara: Dejan palace

Timişoara: The old City house

Timişoara: The old City house

Timişoara: Guilds Tree

Timişoara: Guilds Tree

Timişoara: Mercy house

Timişoara: Mercy house

Timişoara: Synagogue Fabric

Timişoara: Synagogue Fabric

Timişoara: The Roman Catholic bishop

Timişoara: The Roman Catholic bishop

Timişoara: Synagogue Citadel

Timişoara: Synagogue Citadel

Timişoara: Franciscan Monastery

Timişoara: Franciscan Monastery

Timişoara: Neptune public lavatory

Timişoara: Neptune public lavatory

Timişoara: Dicasterial palace

Timişoara: Dicasterial palace

Timişoara: Academic library, Ormos house

Timişoara: Academic library, Ormos house

Timişoara: House of Prince Eugene of Savoy

Timişoara: House of Prince Eugene of Savoy

Timişoara: Emmer house

Timişoara: Emmer house

Timişoara: The Art museum

Timişoara: The Art museum

Timişoara: Maria Theresia Bastion

Timişoara: Maria Theresia Bastion

Timişoara: Baroc Palace

Timişoara: Baroc Palace

Timişoara: Discount Bank

Timişoara: Discount Bank

Timişoara: Brück house

Timişoara: Brück house

Timişoara: The Serb Orthodox Episcopal Palace

Timişoara: The Serb Orthodox Episcopal Palace

Timişoara: Lenau High School

Timişoara: Lenau High School

Timişoara: Union Square fountain

Timişoara: Union Square fountain

Timişoara: The Evangelical Lutheran Church

Timişoara: The Evangelical Lutheran Church

Timişoara: Sfânta Treime or the Plague Statue

Timişoara: Sfânta Treime or the Plague Statue

Timişoara: The Serb Cathedral

Timişoara: The Serb Cathedral

Timişoara: The Romano-Catholic Dome

Timişoara: The Romano-Catholic Dome

Timişoara: House to the axis of iron

Timişoara: House to the axis of iron

Timişoara: Botanic park

Timişoara: Botanic park